60 Years of the Indian Armoured Corps

The Indian Armoured Corps came into being in 1938 when two old and proud Cavalry Regiments bid farewell to their horses and took on Armoured Cars. Mechanization of the Indian cavalry followed rapidly in the years of the war with the Armoured Cars giving way to Stuart light tanks and Shermans. The fledging corps was bloodied soon after independence when Armoured cars were inducted into Kashmir to help repel Pakistani raiders. That campaign also saw the light Stuart tanks of 7th LIGHT CAVALRY being launched into attack at the Zojila pass- at an altitude of 11400 feet- the highest point where tanks have been employed anywhere in the world.

In the 1965 Indo-Pak war, 225 tanks of the Indian 1 Corps fought a pitched battle with 280 Pakistani tanks in the area of Phillora - Chawinda. The long, brutal slogging match saw the largest tank battle ever since the Second World War. While the results were largely inconclusive, in the South, Pakistan's Armoured DIvision was funneled into defeat in the flooded fields of the Punjab. Over 97 Pakistani tanks - most of them M-47 and M-48 Pattons were captured or destroyed with 38 captured in mint condition. Indian armour was again at the forefront when the Indian Army raced to Dacca in 14 eventful days.

- Journal of the Armoured Corps

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