India, Pakistan becomes full members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)


India and Pakistan became full members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) on 9th June.

President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev announced membership of India and Pakistan at the SCO.

About Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO):
·         The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organization which was founded in 1996 in Shanghai by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. 
·         These countries, except for Uzbekistan, had been members of the Shanghai Five, founded in 1996; after the inclusion of Uzbekistan in 2001, the members renamed the organization.

·         On 10 July 2015, the SCO decided to admit India and Pakistan as full members.

·         India and Pakistan signed the memorandum of obligations on 24 June 2016 at Tashkent, thereby starting the formal process of joining the SCO as full members.
·         The official working languages of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization are Chinese and Russian.


Member States:
Date
Country
Enlargement
26 April 1996
China
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Tajikistan
Founders
15 June 2001
Uzbekistan
First Enlargement
8 June 2017
India
Pakistan
Second Enlargement





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